Alexandra is currently a PhD student in the Doctorate Program in Architecture at the University of Montreal under the supervision of Jean-Pierre Chupin at the Laboratoire d’étude de l’architecture potentielle (LEAP). She holds a Master of Applied Science degree from the University of Montreal and a Bachelor’s degree in Environmental Design from UQAM. She also holds a Bachelor’s degree in Education from the University of Ottawa.

Her master’s thesis was on Steiner-Waldorf schools architecture, an international pedagogical movement born at the beginning of the 20th century that gave rise to innovative school design. Her doctoral research project now aims to explore the epistemological, pedagogical and aesthetic underpinnings of contemporary school architecture.

Title: Comparative Analysis of the Relationship Between Architectural Strategies and Theories of Child Development in a Canadian Corpus of Contemporary Elementary Schools.

Research Summary: This dissertation focuses on the analysis of the forms and architectural spaces of newly constructed elementary schools in order to identify criteria for assessing the pedagogical and aesthetic value of school building architecture. This research will draw on a series of case studies to examine the relationship between form, spatiality and functionality as well as the role of architecture in child development. It aims to contribute to the development of a theoretical model that will better understand the didacticism of school building architecture as well as the social and cultural issues related to it. Methodologically, it will examine further elementary school projects in Canada that have received architectural excellence awards as well as school design competition.

Keywords: Architecture, School Building Architecture, Architecture Project, History and Theory of Architecture, Architectural Criticism, Education, Child Development, Architecture Competitions, Awards of Excellence

Bechara Helal est docteur en Architecture de l’Université de Montréal. Ses recherches, sous la direction de Jean-Pierre Chupin, portent sur le modèle du laboratoire de recherche scientifique dans les pratiques architecturales contemporaines. Titulaire d’un diplôme d’ingénieur en structure de l’École Polytechnique de Montréal et d’une maîtrise professionnelle en Design Architectural de l’Université de Montréal, il a eu l’occasion de participer dans le milieu de la pratique à la conception de plusieurs projets en situation de concours, en particulier dans le cadre de l’agence Saucier + Perrotte Architectes.

A travel guide for those in search of architectural quality, this book can be browsed in many ways. Written in a clear and concise manner by about thirty authors, it features a collection of editorials from the Canadian Competitions Catalogue (CCC), a large online digital archive open to the public since 2006. The editorials explore more than sixty Canadian architecture competitions held in the last seventy years. Especially in recent years, both public and private institutions have organized competitions across Canada, producing hundreds of architectural, urban planning, and landscape design projects. Together these proposals, most of which remain unbuilt, constitute a fantastic treasure in our tangible and intangible common heritage. Given that competition organizers, designers, juries, and critics never operate alone, there is no doubt whatsoever that this book results from the collaboration of a myriad of people, contributing to and competing for excellence in architecture.

Adrienne Costa is a Ph.D. student of Montreal University (UdeM), with, as tutors, Jean-Pierre Chupin, Ph.D., and Rémi Papillault, HDR, within the framework of a cotutelle convention with the National Toulouse Architecture School (ENSAT).

After accomplishing her architecture studies at Paris Belleville (ENSAPB) and Toulouse (ENSAT) in 2006, she created her firm in 2010 in the Pyrénées-Orientales, constructed mainly academic and social buildings (CROUS of Perpignan) and took part to competitions (Cathedral Space in Perpignan). Since 2012, she teaches with the National Toulouse Architecture School.

Her doctoral research establishes section through the history of architectural representation, considering its links with resistance doctrines which may occur during crises of the discipline and the profession.

The section, a manifestation of doctrinal resistances to architectural crisis

The section, abstractive figuration, allows showing a sight of the invisible: the inside, the outside, the ground, the sky, what divides them, links them or includes one into the other. It shows the shades of proportions and the relationships between man and nature. This results it to be a visualization device as well as a theoretical device; a geometric construction as well as an analytical drawing.

Whereas architects have numeric technologies which offer the possibility of showing volumes as they are wanted to be seen, the section shows them as they will not be seen, but as they are designed, built and as a tangible experience. Looking to the section today, is to take account of the context in which software and 3D models are conceived, in such a way it is nearly impossible to start drawing – and so thinking- a project from the point of view of the section.

By analyzing sections acting as manifests, collected from treaties and publications, it is wished to identify the disciplinary and professional inputs of the architectural section as a theoretical retroactive and reflexive tool for designing and teaching.

How does the section, as a theoretical and practical instrument for a doctrinal body, positions in the field of architectural representation studies in front of professional crises and disciplinary mutations?

Mandana Bafghinia est architecte et plasticienne. Elle est doctorante en co-tutelle entre le Canada et la France.  Au Canada, sous la direction de Jean-Pierre Chupin dans le programme de doctorat individualisé en architecture de l’Université de Montréal au laboratoire LEAP, depuis septembre 2016. En France, sous la direction de Christian Montès et Manuel Appert, à l’université Lumière Lyon 2 dans le programme Géographie et aménagement de l’urbanisme, depuis janvier 2016. Pendant l’automne/hiver, elle a été invitée en tant que visiting scholar pour poursuivre ses recherches à l’Université de New York.

Mandana est titulaire d’un diplôme en architecture à l’université américaine EMU à Chypre en 2007. Elle est également titulaire d’une maîtrise en Art contemporain et Nouveaux Media en 2014 à l’université de Paris8 en France et en échange avec Académie des beaux-arts de Brera à Milan-Italie. Pendant sa participation au programme de recherche en architecture (post master) à l’École nationale supérieure d’architecture de Paris La Villette en 2014-15, elle a développé des études préliminaires sur les gratte-ciels comme points de vue « d’intensité potentielle » sur le tissu urbain. Dans le cadre du laboratoire AMP à la Villette, elle a également participé, en tant que chercheuse, à la recherche subventionnée par la Mairie de Paris, « Mesure et démesure du Grand Paris », sous la direction scientifique de Philippe Nys depuis 2012. Dans le même cadre de recherche, elle a participé à un workshop en Chine à Chengdu sur le thème du « Mapping », avec l’université du Sichuan, et un deuxième workshop à Kyoto et Tokyo sur le thème du «Paysage Urbain». Sur les plans professionnels, Mandana a travaillé dans les agences en Iran et en France. Elle a également participé dans 3 expositions collectives à Paris.

Sa recherche doctorale examine les rapports entre les gratte-ciels et leur contexte urbain. Son objet est la tour, son accent principal portant sur la couronne et leurs plateformes d’observations dans leurs différentes dimensions et échelles, qu’ils soient vus depuis la rue (ou de la voie urbaine en général) ou au sein du skyline. La recherche propose d’inventorier, d’observer, de comparer et de catégoriser les couronnes des tours qui spécifient et identifient une ligne d’horizon, un skyline. Deux approches principales sont identifiées. La première est liée à l’opération de catégorisation des gratte-ciels identifiés spécifiquement par leurs plateformes d’observation, grands moments historiques de grandes architectures verticales du moderne au contemporain, à la suite recherche sur des moments rétroactifs de ces phénomènes iconiques. La seconde consiste à appuyer sur les théories de la narration dans la mesure où ces espaces génèrent des représentations et des visualisations créées par l’assemblage entre une tour, son couronnement et le paysage urbain qui l’environne, ce qui produit l’expérience du belvédère ; aussi ce que produit cette expérience.

Title: The summit’s gaze, or the skyscraper as beacon and observatory

Supervisor: Prof. Jean-Pierre Chupin

Thesis Summary: The dissertation considers skyscrapers as a transitional object within the architectural and the urban fields, focuses specifically on their summits, which are interpreted as dialogic constructs that transgress the opposition between seeing and being seen.

Since their appearance in Chicago and New York, skyscrapers expressing competitive business powers have shaped the skyline of the metropolis. Early skyscrapers were conceived to be seen looking up from the ground, but since the 1920s, architects have had the temptation of looking at the city from atop, creating observation areas.

The research will measure the expanded field in which the design process meets the perception of the observer, the viewing platform allowing for a re-conception of urban space and the shaping of new patterns. In another terms, these objects cannot be reduced to a semiotic system or a model of representation but rather represent a bequest of presence, allowing for the aesthetic experience of a mutual recognition from the observer and the designing architect.

Methodologically, the dissertation will develop at three distinct scales, corresponding to different historical, architectural and urban perspectives. The macro scale will respond to the evolution of the summit both as an interior and as an exterior skin. At the micro scale, a synchronic analysis will focus on three case studies: The Rockefeller Center in New York (1930-39), the Place Ville Marie in Montréal (1958-62) and the Tour Montparnasse in Paris (1969-73, and since 2017). Finally, at a meso scale, an analytic narrative will deal with the spatio-temporal experience of this ambiguous building.

Tiphaine Abenia is a french architect and civil engineer. She is working, since September 2014, on a Ph.D within the Ph.D. Program in Architecture of the University of Montréal. Her PhD research project is under a cotutelle agreement between Canada (University of Montreal – Laboratory LEAP) and France (ENSA Toulouse – laboratory LRA). As a result, Tiphaine is working under the joint direction of Jean-Pierre Chupin and Daniel Estevez.

Tiphaine graduated in civil engineering from the Institut National des Sciences Appliquées de Toulouse (INSA) in 2011. In 2013, she obtained her master degree in architecture from the Ecole Nationale Supérieure d’Architecture (ENSA) of Toulouse. She dedicated her master degree project in architecture to an extensive feasibility study for the rehabilitation of an emblematic abandoned building of Buenos Aires: El Elefante Blanco. In 2014, Tiphaine was laureate of the European architecture competition “Talent de demain” with her graduation project (Architecture Biennale Bordeaux).

Beneficiary of a 3-year PhD contract granted by the french Ministery of Culture, she is pursuing her PhD research, focusing on the potential of abandoned large urban structures. Her work aims to develop a classification system for large urban structures based on their potentials for the contemporary city. At the heart of this research is the question of the “potential project” understood as the capacity of projection carried by those abandoned fragments of the city. Within her research, she investigated several situations in the US (Detroit), France (Paris), Argentine (Buenos Aires) and Canada (Montreal).

The presentation of her first research results was supported by two mobility grants from the LEAP as well as one mobility research grant allocated by the University of Montréal. Her research papers have been rewarded in France (RIDAAD, Lyon, 2015) and Canada (Perspectives 360, Montréal, 2016).




Anne Cormier is an Associate Professor at the School of Architecture at Université de Montréal, where she has served as director from 2007 to 2015.

Anne Cormier is an architect. She has a professional bachelor’s degree in architecture from McGill University (1982) and a Certificat d’études approfondies en architecture urbaine from the Paris-Villemin school of architecture (1987), where she wrote a dissertation on development projects and the transformation of Paris in the early 20th century. She is affiliated with the Laboratoire d’étude de l’architecture potentielle (LEAP), an inter-university group dedicated to research on the design process in architecture. She is a member of the National Capital Commission’s Advisory Committee on Planning, Design and Realty in Ottawa. She regularly sits on other committees dedicated to excellence in architectural and urban projects and on architectural juries. Anne Cormier is co-founder of Atelier Big City (Cormier, Cohen, Davies, architects), a group of Montreal architects recognized for the quality of its architectural and urban projects. Created in 1987, Atelier Big City has received the Prix de Rome in Architecture from the Canada Council for the Arts, the Governor General’s medal and the grand prize in architecture from the Ordre des architectes du Québec. The group has presented and shown its work in Quebec, Canada and abroad and has been invited to teach at Cornell University, Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute, University of Toronto and University of Calgary. Atelier Big City’s work has been broadly published. Its Center d’interprétation du Bourg de Pabos was recognized by The Canadian Architects amongst the 20th century most significant Canadian buildings.

  • Books
  • Chapters
  • Peer-reviewed articles
  • Conference papers and magazines
  • Exhibitions and research creation
2016Cormier, AnneAu sujet de l’architecture, du paysage et de l’interprétation in Plante, Jacques, Roquet, Nicholas (ed) Architectures d’exposition au Québec, Les publications du Québec, 2016, pp.44-49link
2017Cormier, AnneEmprunter l’autoroute et rester en ville: l’Atelier Big City sur l’autoroute Ville-Marie in Chupin, Jean-Pierre, Abenia, Tiphaine (ed) Du potentiel des grandes structures urbaines abandonnées / On the Potential of Abandonned Large Urban Structures, Potential Architecture Books, 2017, pp.62-67link
2018Cormier, AnneLe concours d’idée entre déterminisme et autonomie : Le cas des écoles in Martin, Louis, Lachance, Jonathan (ed) Du potentiel de l’hétéronomie et de l’autonomie en architecture /On the Potential of Heteronomy and Autonomy in Architecture, Potential Architecture Books, 2018, pp.52-57link
2019Cormier, AnneAu sujet de ceci et de cela in Cucuzzella, Carmela, Hammond, Cynthia (ed) Du potentiel du didactisme en architecture / On the potential of didacticism in architecture, Potential Architecture Books, 2019, pp.80-85
2020Cormier, Anne
Paré, Alexandra
Aldo Van Eyck : Jouer sur les lieux de la catastrophe (à paraître) in Chupin, Jean-Pierre (ed) Lieux et rituels de l’utopie et de la dystopie, Potential Architecture Books, 2020
2004Cormier, Anne
Pearl, Daniel
Au sujet du projet d’architecture, de la construction, du développement durable et de la maîtrise d’œuvre, in Trames, Revue de l'aménagement, 2004, p.96-106
2006Cormier, Anne
Cohen, Randy
Davies, H.
Head In The Clouds, in Journal or Architectural Education, Vol. 59, 2006, p.31-35
2007Cormier, AnnePrésentation publique d’un mémoire, sous le thème «Enrichir la qualité culturelle du cadre de vie», 2007
2009Cormier, AnneDépôt à l’Office de Consultation Publique de Montréal d’un mémoire au sujet du Quadrilatère Saint-Laurent, 2009
2016Cormier, AnneUn environnement total, in ARQ : Architecture-Québec, 177, 2016, pp.8-10
2002Cormier, AnneSous la bonne terre de Terrebonne : le nouveau théâtre du Vieux-Terrebonne, in ARQ : Architecture Québec, No. 120, 2002, pp.10-11
2002Cormier, AnnePlace des Arts : concours d’architecture et de design pour l’identification extérieure, in ARQ : Architecture-Québec, No. 119, 2002, pp.8-9
2002Cormier, Anne«Pourquoi construire moche?», in La Presse, 2002
2004Chupin, Jean-Pierre
Cormier, Anne
Bilodeau, Denis
Adamczyk, Georges
Lachapelle, Jacques
Concours d’architecture, pratiques réflexives et transferts analogiques, 2004, 66 pages
2004Adamczyk, Georges
Chupin, Jean-Pierre
Bilodeau, Denis
Cormier, Anne
Architectural competitions and new reflexive practices, 2004, 9 pages
2006Cormier, AnneVivre en centre-ville, in Éditorial du Catalogue des Concours Canadiens, 2006link
2006Cormier, AnneEntrevue pour une émission de télévision avec Piero Facchin, 2006
2007Cormier, AnneRecréer le logement social (2e concours du L.E.A.P), in Éditorial du Catalogue des Concours Canadiens, 2007link
2010Cormier, AnneLes jardins du « Y » des femmes, in ARQ : Architecture Québec / Le logement collectif deuxième partie, No. 150, 2010, pp.8-9
2010Cormier, AnneLe logement social: espace de création, d’innovation et de critique dans les centres-villes canadiens, in ARQ : Architecture-Québec / Le logement collectif deuxième partie, No. 150, 2010, pp.31-35
2016Cormier, AnnePerfect Seven, in Bordercrossing / Art + Architecture, No.2, 2016, p.129
2016Cormier, AnneUn environnement total, in ARQ, La revue d'architecture / Expo 67, No. 177, 2016, pp.8-10
2016Cormier, AnneBright Lights Big City: Rio Tinto Planetarium Competition, 2008, in Bordercrossing / Art + Architecture, No. 2, 2016, pp.70-72
2016Cormier, AnneD’identité et d’ailleurs – une relecture pour le relais, in ARQ : Architecture-Québec, No. 174, 2016, pp.23-25
2017Cormier, AnneUne table-ronde: Où va Montréal, in ARQ : Architecture-Québec / Grands projets - Petits projets, No. 180, 2017, pp.30-35
2017Cormier, AnneUn fabuleux territoire de 268 hectares, in ARQ : Architecture-Québec / De Terres des hommes au Parc Jean-Drapeau, No. 178, 2017, p.5
2017Cormier, AnneConcevoir sur les îles, deux entrevues, in ARQ : Architecture-Québec / De Terres des hommes au Parc Jean-Drapeau, No. 178, 2017, pp.19-23
2019Cormier, AnneLe projet : décliner la ville au futur antérieur, in ARQ, architecture et design Québec, 2019, pp.9-11
2019Cormier, AnneEn amont et en aval, la part du dessin dans le dessein, in ARQ, architecture et design Québec, 2019, pp.8-9
2018Cormier, AnneÉquipe lauréate à la 2e étape du concours pour Lieu de diffusion spécialisée danse, théâtre pour l’enfance et la jeunesse de Sherbrooke, 2018
2019Cormier, AnneÉquipe finaliste à la 2e étape du concours pour l’agrandissement de la Bibliothèque de Rivière-du-Loup, 2019
2016Cormier, AnneU: Projet de Logements, Montréal, 2016
2016Cormier, AnneBrin d’Elles: Projet de logement social, Montréal, 2016
2016Cormier, AnneProjet du Centre culturel Notre-Dame-de-Grâce, Montréal, 2016
2017Cormier, AnneÉquipe finaliste à la 2e étape du concours pour la transformation du Musée d’art contemporain de Montréal, 2017
2017Cormier, AnneÉquipe finaliste à la 2e étape du concours pour l’agrandissement et la rénovation de la bibliothèque l’Octogone, Montréal, 2017
2017Cormier, AnneMaison des gens de lettres: Projet institutionnel, Montréal, 2017
2015/01/16Cormier, AnneExposition monographique des travaux de l’Atelier Big City, Musée de la civilisation, Québec, 2015/01/16
2015/10/23Cormier, AnneOeuvres choisies, exposition de groupe “Montréal Jamais construit 1990-2015”, Maison de l’architecture du Québec, Montréal, 2015/10/23
2003Cormier, AnneJ’cours les concours – L’architecture en concours au Québec 2000-2002, 2003
2002Cormier, AnneMonopoly, 2002
2004Cormier, AnneIdentification du Quartier des Spectacles, 2004
2006Cormier, Anne“Exte”, œuvre produite dans le cadre de l’exposition Archi-Fictions, 2006
2006Cormier, AnneBibliothèque de Charlevoix, 2006
2009Cormier, AnneParticipation à l’exposition « Penser tout haut faire l’architecture », 2009
2008Cormier, AnneProjets exposés à la Biennale de Venise, “41º to 66º : Architecture in Canada – Region, Culture, Tectonics”, 2008
2004Cormier, AnneLa tête dans les nuages, 2004
2002Cormier, AnneGarden Party, 2002
2002Cormier, Anne
Sous la bonne terre de Terrebonne : le nouveau théâtre du Vieux-Terrebonne, 2002
2002Cormier, AnneEchangeur, 2002